Smoking prevalence in young adults aged 18 to 34 years – Public Health England

Detailed ad-hoc analysis of smoking prevalence, calculated from the Annual Population Survey. This document shows trends in smoking prevalence calculated from the Annual Population Survey for young adults age 18 to 34 years, by sex and region. Further breakdowns of

Stoptober 2018: campaign evaluation – Public Health England

Stoptober is a major annual event to encourage smokers to quit for 28 days in October – with the aim of stopping smoking permanently. This report document measures the impact of Stoptober in 2018. The report aims to assess the

Reducing emergency alcohol‐related hospital admissions: (Observatory Report Series number 77) – Liverpool University Public Health Observatory

Recommends the following effective policy interventions; Taxation is the most effective policy intervention Address availability of alcohol, e.g. limits on hours or days of sale, and density of outlets, and address marketing of alcohol. Examine pricing policies, particularly price promotions

Interventions to reduce emergency admissions for heart failure: (Observatory Report Series number 79) – Liverpool University Public Health Observatory

Report that recommends that commissioners: Help enable the population to reduce the risk factors for heart failure, such as  delivery of brief interventions to reduce smoking rates and monitoring of those with diabetes. Refer for genetic testing where appropriate. Develop

Interventions to reduce emergency hospital admissions for respiratory illness: (Observatory Report Series number 78) – Liverpool University Public Health Observatory

Respiratory illness is a particular concern in the North West. According to the North West Public Health Observatory, indirectly standardised ratios of those admitted to hospital with Acute Respiratory conditions (173.51) and Chronic Lower Respiratory conditions (194.32) are much higher for Liverpool than

Interventions to reduce emergency hospital admissions for diabetes : (Observatory Report Series number 80) – Liverpool University Public Health Observatory

Early treatment and intervention can greatly reduce the risk of complications and reduce health service expenditure, as well as improving quality of life for those with diabetes, so early intervention in this area is vital.  This report looks at interventions to reduce emergency

Interventions to reduce emergency hospital admissions for falls: (Observatory Report Series number 81) – Liverpool University Public Health Observatory

Falls are a major cause of disability and mortality in the UK. Thirty per cent of those aged 65 and over who live in the community fall each year, rising to 45% for those aged 80 and over (Department of Health, 2009).

Reducing Emergency Admissions to Hospital -Redesign of services: (Observatory Report Series number 82) – University of Liverpool Public Health Observatory

This report considers the evidence base and makes recommendations on how appropriate redesign of primary, intermediate and secondary care services can reduce emergency admissions to hospital. Reducing demand on A&E helps to ensure that the patients who truly need these

Prevention Programmes Cost-Effectiveness Review: Alcohol: (Observatory Report Series, number 84 Cost effectiveness review series, number 2) – University of Liverpool Public Health Observatory

This is the second topic area covered by the cost effectiveness review series. It follows on from a review on physical activity. A comprehensive review of the literature is presented on evidence of the cost effectiveness and potential cost savings

Assessing the Impact of the Economic Downturn on Health and Wellbeing: (Observatory Report Series No. 88) – University of Liverpool Public Health Observatory

Health impact of the economic downturn. Through a literature review and analysis of key indicators the report assesses the evidence base for the impact of the economic downturn on mental and physical health and use of health and local authority

Prevention Programmes Cost Effectiveness Review: Diet and Healthier Eating: (Liverpool Public Health Observatory Report Series, number 89, Cost effectiveness review series, number 3) – University of Liverpool Public Health Observatory

Provides a comprehensive review of the literature is presented on evidence of the cost effectiveness and potential cost savings of preventive programmes and projects relating to diet and healthier eating.

Fixed odds betting terminal use and problem gambling across the Liverpool City region: (Observatory report series No. 95) – University of Liverpool Public Health Observatory

The aims of the project were to develop a local evidence base in relation to Fixed odds betting terminal (FOBT) use and problem gambling, look at reasons for excess gambling, and to investigate the availability and adequacy of local support

Loneliness: The prevalence of loneliness, its impact on health and wellbeing and effective interventions that can be used to ameliorate these effects: (LPHO Report Series, number 97, Rapid Evidence Review Series, number 1) – Liverpool University Public Health Observatory

Loneliness has a negative effect on health and wellbeing and leads to increased use of health and social care services. This rapid review is the first in a series of rapid reviews on various topics. It presents the evidence on

Liverpool’s Drink Less Enjoy More intervention Progress monitoring report – Liverpool John Moores University Public Health Institute

To address the sale of alcohol to drunks in Liverpool City Centre, local partners developed and piloted the multicomponent Say No to Drunks (SNTD) intervention in 2014, and later refined and broadened it as a second (longer-term) phase in 2015

Understanding the impact of the Widnes Vikings Game Changer programme – Liverpool John Moores University Public Health Institute

The role of the voluntary and community sector in delivering activities to reduce inequalities has been recognised within recent public health policy and practice. This asset-based approach builds on the 2010 Public Health White Paper ‘Healthy Lives, Healthy People’ (DH,

Is it all smoke without fire? Welsh Primary School Children’s Perceptions of Electronic Cigarettes

The increasing popularity and rapid growth of electronic cigarettes has raised considerable concern about their impact on children and young people. Concerns relate to electronic cigarettes acting as a potential gateway to tobacco smoking for young never-smokers, increased experimentation leading

Rapid Evidence Review Series: Physical activity: (LPHO Report Series, number 106: Rapid Evidence Review Series, number 6) – Liverpool Public Health Observatory

This report provides an overview of the evidence from NICE on physical activity, as well as demographic and health data from Cheshire and Merseyside, along with ‘Examples of local delivery’, examples of physical activity initiatives within the North West.